Solana Sensible Contract Examples for Builders

Are you trying to get into Solana good contract growth? If that’s the case, you might be precisely the place you have to be, as this text introduces Solana growth by exploring Solana good contract examples. Exploring these is vastly useful because it provides us an summary of how Web3 contracts are structured on the Solana community. Nevertheless, earlier than diving into the examples, we’ll return to fundamentals by learning the intricacies of good contracts and their structure. With that stated, in case you are already accustomed to what Web3 contracts are and need to dissect those outlined on this article immodestly, be at liberty to leap to the “Solana Sensible Contract Instance” part!

Solana is a distinguished programmable blockchain, and like many different networks, Solana options Web3 contracts. Nevertheless, in contrast to different Ethereum alternate options, Solana just isn’t EVM-compatible (incompatible with Ethereum Digital Machine). As such, it signifies that Solana good contract growth differs in comparison with different EVM chains. 

Because of this, this text begins by diving deeper into the intricacies of Web3 contracts, adopted by a piece exploring the distinction between Solana and EVM good contracts. Upon getting a extra profound understanding of Solana good contracts, the remaining elements define a couple of examples to present you an concept of their construction.

Moreover, in case you are eager about Solana growth, try Moralis’ Solana API. That is one among Moralis’ choices of enterprise-grade Web3 APIs, making blockchain growth considerably extra accessible and Moralis a great “Web3 for enterprise” various! Furthermore, it doesn’t matter what Web3 initiatives you need to create, join with Moralis to entry a extra seamless developer expertise! 

What are Sensible Contracts? 

Earlier than diving into the Solana good contract examples, we’ll return to fundamentals and discover the intricacies of good contracts. In case you are already accustomed to the basic ideas of good contracts, be at liberty to leap straight to the ”Solana Sensible Contract Examples” part. In any other case, be part of us as we reply the query, ”what are good contracts?”. 

Personel writing smart contracts inside their office.

Sensible contracts (Web3 contracts) are packages hosted on a blockchain community executing predefined actions depending on predefined circumstances. Moreover, Web3 builders use good contracts to automate the execution of agreements between two or extra events. As such, Web3 contracts share the identical basic operate as conventional contracts, solely that code mediates these digital packages as a substitute of standard intermediaries.

Sensible contracts increase the fundamental notion behind Bitcoin, which is sending and receiving belongings with out intermediaries, by enabling the safe automation of any deal. Consequently, good contracts make it attainable to automate much more complicated transactions/offers, and since they run on blockchain networks, they provide excessive reliability, safety, and borderless accessibility.  

Moreover, Web3 contracts are the spine of the blockchain business. These permit builders to create revolutionary dapps, tokens, and different Web3 initiatives. Additionally, good contracts are utilized in all the pieces from revolutionizing monetary instruments to sport logic. Every time a contract has been deployed on a blockchain community, they’re typically irreversible or immutable, which means that the contract can’t be altered. The immutability – together with the deterministic attribute of good contracts – ensures that members might be sure of outcomes. 

Apparently, good contracts are generally known as ”digital merchandising machines”, as merchandising machines are a very good analogy for explaining the performance of a wise contract. Like a traditional merchandising machine, good contracts assure a specific output with the proper enter. Nevertheless, the transaction is commonly extra complicated than receiving a snack or soda. 

Does Solana Have Sensible Contracts? 

Does Solana have good contracts? The reply to this query is sure! Solana is a programmable decentralized blockchain enabling the creation of scalable, user-friendly dapps, and like all programmable blockchain networks, Solana options good contracts. Nevertheless, Solana good contracts are totally different from, for instance, EVM Web3 contracts. 


Solana’s good contract structure barely differs from the extra standard EVM-based blockchain fashions. As an illustration, Ethereum good contracts have the code/logic and the state accrued in solely single contracts deployed on the Ethereum community. In terms of Solana, good contracts (or packages) are stateless or “read-only”, containing simply this system logic. 

As quickly as a contract deploys, it turns into attainable to work together with them by exterior accounts. The accounts are then liable for storing the information referring to this system interplay. Consequently, this creates a separation between the logic (packages) and the state (accounts). 

The excellence above outlines an important distinction between Solana and different EVM-compatible blockchains in relation to good contracts. Since there are variations within the good contract structure between EVM chains and Solana, there are additionally variations in how they’re constructed. Builders use the Solidity programming language to write down EVM-compatible good contracts. In the meantime, for Solana contracts, builders write utilizing Rust, C, and C++.

As such, if you wish to get into Solana good contract growth, it is perhaps a good suggestion to turn out to be more adept within the aforementioned programming languages. Nevertheless, there are already many deployed packages/good contracts on the Solana community so that you can work together with. Accordingly, you solely must create new good contracts sometimes when constructing on the Solana blockchain! 

Solana Sensible Contract Examples

With a greater understanding of good contracts and what they entail within the context of Solana, the next part dives into some Solana pattern good contracts. This may present an summary of what Solana good contracts would possibly appear like, making the earlier explanations extra easy. 

A Solana smart contract example in the form of a digital paper.

Particularly, this part covers three Solana good contract examples: 

”hello_world” – The primary pattern good contract is ”hello_world”, which is liable for merely displaying a ”Hiya World!!” message when somebody calls this system. ”tic_tac_toe” – The second Solana pattern good contract known as ”tic_tac_toe”, which is a little more complicated since this contract is liable for dealing with the sport logic of a tic-tac-toe sport.”micro_blog” – The ultimate instance we’ll look at additional known as ”micro_blog”, which takes care of the required logic for a microblog. 

Nonetheless, allow us to leap straight into the primary of our Solana good contract examples and look carefully on the ”hello_world” contract!

The ”hello_world” Contract

The primary of our three Solana pattern good contracts, ”hello_world”, is comparatively easy. You will discover your entire code for this good contract under:

use solana_program::{
account_info::AccountInfo, entrypoint, entrypoint::ProgramResult, msg, pubkey::Pubkey,


pub fn hello_world(
_program_id: &Pubkey, // Public key of the account this system was loaded into
accounts: &[AccountInfo], // All accounts required to course of the instruction
_instruction_data: &[u8], // Serialized instruction-specific knowledge
) -> ProgramResult {
msg!(“Hiya {:}!!”, accounts[0].key);

Every time somebody calls this good contract, it triggers a Solana transaction that the customers must signal. Once they signal the message, it autonomously returns the contract’s knowledge log, which, on this case, is a ”Hiya World!!” message.

The ”tic_tac_toe” Contract

Subsequent, allow us to take a better have a look at ”tic-tac-toe”, the second pattern good contract. This contract is extra complicated than the earlier one because it dealt with the logic for a multiplayer tic-tac-toe sport. Nonetheless, that is the whole thing of the Solana good contract’s code:

use borsh::{BorshDeserialize, BorshSerialize};
use solana_program::{
account_info::AccountInfo, entrypoint, entrypoint::ProgramResult, msg, pubkey::Pubkey,

pub fn win_check(strikes: [u32; 9]) -> u32 {
// Participant 1 transfer can be marked as 1 and participant 2 as 2
let [m1, m2, m3, m4, m5, m6, m7, m8, m9] = strikes;
if (m1 == 1 && m2 == 1 && m3 == 1)
|| (m1 == 1 && m4 == 1 && m7 == 1)
|| (m7 == 1 && m8 == 1 && m9 == 1)
|| (m3 == 1 && m6 == 1 && m9 == 1)
|| (m1 == 1 && m5 == 1 && m9 == 1)
|| (m3 == 1 && m5 == 1 && m7 == 1)
|| (m2 == 1 && m5 == 1 && m8 == 1)
|| (m4 == 1 && m5 == 1 && m6 == 1)
// Situation for Participant 1 Win
return 1;
} else if (m1 == 2 && m2 == 2 && m3 == 2)
|| (m1 == 2 && m4 == 2 && m7 == 2)
|| (m7 == 2 && m8 == 2 && m9 == 2)
|| (m3 == 2 && m6 == 2 && m9 == 2)
|| (m1 == 2 && m5 == 2 && m9 == 2)
|| (m3 == 2 && m5 == 2 && m7 == 2)
|| (m2 == 2 && m5 == 2 && m8 == 2)
|| (m4 == 2 && m5 == 2 && m6 == 2)
// Situation for Participant 2 Win
return 2;
} else if (m1 == 1 || m1 == 2)
&& (m2 == 1 || m2 == 2)
&& (m3 == 1 || m3 == 2)
&& (m4 == 1 || m4 == 2)
&& (m5 == 1 || m5 == 2)
&& (m6 == 1 || m6 == 2)
&& (m7 == 1 || m7 == 2)
&& (m8 == 1 || m8 == 2)
&& (m9 == 1 || m9 == 2)
// Situation for Draw
return 3;
} else {
return 0;

#[derive(BorshSerialize, BorshDeserialize, Debug)]
pub struct GameAccount {
pub player1: String,
pub player2: String,
pub strikes: [u32; 9],
pub game_status: u32,
pub next_move: u32,


pub fn tic_tac_toe(
_program_id: &Pubkey,
accounts: &[AccountInfo],
instruction_data: &[u8],
) -> ProgramResult {
let game_account = &accounts[0];
let player1 = accounts[1].key.to_string();
let player2 = accounts[2].key.to_string();

let instruction: u32 = instruction_data[0].into();
let played_by: u32 = instruction_data[1].into();
let move_positon: usize = instruction_data[2].into();

match instruction {
// Create New Sport or Reset the Sport Information
0 => {
msg!(“Instruction 0 Begin”);
let game_data = GameAccount {
strikes: [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
game_status: 0,
next_move: 1,
msg!(“Sport Creation Profitable!!”);
msg!(“Participant 1: {:?}”, game_data.player1);
msg!(“Participant 2: {:?}”, game_data.player2);
game_data.serialize(&mut &mut game_account.knowledge.borrow_mut()[..])?;
msg!(“Instruction 0 Finish”);
// Play sport!!
1 => {
msg!(“Instruction 1 Begin”);
let mut game_data = GameAccount::try_from_slice(&game_account.knowledge.borrow())?;
if game_data.game_status == 0 {
msg!(“Participant 1: {:?}”, game_data.player1);
msg!(“Participant 2: {:?}”, game_data.player2);

// Confirm and updating strikes in Sport Account
if (game_data.strikes[move_positon] == 0) && (game_data.next_move == played_by) {
if game_data.next_move == 1 {
game_data.strikes[move_positon] = 1;
game_data.next_move = 2
} else if game_data.next_move == 2 {
game_data.strikes[move_positon] = 2;
game_data.next_move = 1
} else {
msg!(” Flawed Transfer”);

let game_status = win_check(game_data.strikes);

match game_status {
0 => {
// Log the subsequent participant to maneuver
msg!(“Subsequent transfer: Participant {}”, game_data.next_move);
1 => {
game_data.game_status = 1;
msg!(“Participant 1 gained the sport.”);
2 => {
game_data.game_status = 2;
msg!(“Participant 2 gained the sport.”);
3 => {
game_data.game_status = 3;
msg!(“It is a Draw.”);
_ => {
msg!(“Sport Error!!”);
// Write the up to date knowledge to account.
game_data.serialize(&mut &mut game_account.knowledge.borrow_mut()[..])?;
msg!(“Instruction 1 Finish”);
} else {
msg!(” Flawed Transfer.”);
// Invalid Instruction
_ => {
msg!(“Invalid Instruction”);


The code above is liable for the entire tic-tac-toe’s sport logic, which handles a number of elements of the sport. Initially, the contract checks if the 2 gamers have already got a sport at present on the best way. If not, the good contract creates a brand new sport from scratch. Moreover, the contract checks if the correct participant is making a transfer and updates the state of the sport accordingly. 

After every transfer, the contract calls the ”win_check()” operate to verify if both of the gamers has gained the sport. Lastly, the sport state returns to the customers, enabling them to see updates to the gameboard in actual time!

The ”micro_blog” Contract 

The ultimate of our three preliminary Solana pattern good contracts is ”micro_blog”. Identical to the primary instance, this can be a comparatively easy contract. Beneath, one can find the whole thing of the code: 

use borsh::{BorshDeserialize, BorshSerialize};
use std::str;

use solana_program::{
account_info::AccountInfo, entrypoint, entrypoint::ProgramResult, msg,
program_error::ProgramError, pubkey::Pubkey,

// Create a struct to retailer Weblog depend
#[derive(BorshSerialize, BorshDeserialize, Debug)]
pub struct BlogCount {
pub total_blogs: u32,

// Perform to transform buffer array again to string
pub fn buffer_to_string(buffer: &[u8]) -> &str {
let s = match str::from_utf8(buffer) {
Okay(v) => v,
Err(e) => panic!(“Invalid UTF-8 sequence: {}”, e),
return s;


pub fn micro_blog(
program_id: &Pubkey,
accounts: &[AccountInfo],
instruction_data: &[u8],
) -> ProgramResult {
let knowledge = buffer_to_string(&instruction_data);

let account = &accounts[0];

// Test if the account is owned by this program, else throw an error.
if account.proprietor != program_id {
“Account {:?} doesn’t have this system id {} as proprietor”,
return Err(ProgramError::IncorrectProgramId);

// Increment and retailer the variety of occasions person created a brand new weblog.
let mut blog_counter = BlogCount::try_from_slice(&account.knowledge.borrow())?;
blog_counter.total_blogs += 1;
blog_counter.serialize(&mut &mut account.knowledge.borrow_mut()[..])?;

// Save the information to the transaction logs
msg!(“Writer: {}”, accounts[1].key);
msg!(“Weblog No: {}”, blog_counter.total_blogs);
msg!(“Weblog: {}”, knowledge);


The aim of this contract is to retailer weblog knowledge and observe what number of posts customers publish. Consequently, the contract reads knowledge from a frontend software, that are person inputs within the type of weblog posts. As soon as a person points a message, the contract will increase the quantity that retains observe of what number of posts have been revealed by that person. 

This covers the primary three Solana pattern good contracts. Nevertheless, we’ll discover the fourth instance subsequent, which is a bit particular because it pertains to NFTs. 

Solana NFT Sensible Contract Examples

There’s an abundance of examples we may define herein. Nevertheless, since we solely have a lot time on our fingers, we’ll have a look at one rigorously chosen instance. Now, earlier than wanting nearer at our selection amongst a number of totally different Solana NFT good contract examples, it’s price mentioning Metaplex. Metaplex is a distinguished NFT ecosystem for video games, marketplaces, arts, collectibles, and so on. The protocol combines instruments and good contracts, enabling a seamless workflow for creating and launching NFTs. So, if you wish to be taught extra about Solana NFT good contract growth, it’s price testing Metaplex. 


Furthermore, we deliver up Metaplex as a result of the Solana NFT good contract we showcase under is predicated on the protocol. Extra particularly, we’ll briefly look at the Solana NFT good contract for Metaplex’s Sweet Machine. That is what the whole thing of the code seems to be like: 

use anchor_lang::prelude::*;

pub use errors::CandyError;
use directions::*;
pub use state::*;
pub use utils::*;

pub mod constants;
pub mod errors;
mod directions;
mod state;
mod utils;


pub mod candy_machine_core {
use tremendous::*;

/// Add the configuration (title + uri) of every NFT to the account knowledge.
pub fn add_config_lines(
ctx: Context<AddConfigLines>,
index: u32,
config_lines: Vec<ConfigLine>,
) -> Consequence<()> {
directions::add_config_lines(ctx, index, config_lines)

/// Initialize the sweet machine account with the desired knowledge.
pub fn initialize(ctx: Context<Initialize>, knowledge: CandyMachineData) -> Consequence<()> {
directions::initialize(ctx, knowledge)

/// Mint an NFT. Solely the sweet machine mint authority is allowed to mint.
pub fn mint<‘data>(ctx: Context<‘_, ‘_, ‘_, ‘data, Mint<‘data>>) -> Consequence<()> {

/// Set a brand new authority of the sweet machine.
pub fn set_authority(ctx: Context<SetAuthority>, new_authority: Pubkey) -> Consequence<()> {
directions::set_authority(ctx, new_authority)

/// Set the gathering mint for the sweet machine.
pub fn set_collection(ctx: Context<SetCollection>) -> Consequence<()> {

/// Set a brand new mint authority of the sweet machine.
pub fn set_mint_authority(ctx: Context<SetMintAuthority>) -> Consequence<()> {

/// Replace the sweet machine configuration.
pub fn replace(ctx: Context<Replace>, knowledge: CandyMachineData) -> Consequence<()> {
directions::replace(ctx, knowledge)

/// Withdraw the hire lamports and ship them to the authority handle.
pub fn withdraw(ctx: Context<Withdraw>) -> Consequence<()> {

The code above allows all of the performance for the NFT sweet machine. Consequently, it takes care of all of the logic for asset administration, index era/choice, and minting NFTs. Furthermore, the contract makes it attainable to mint particular person NFTs or create them in bulk. 

That covers this tutorial’s Solana NFT good contract instance. The next part will rapidly present you the right way to implement and deploy any of the Solana good contract examples!

Methods to Deploy the Solana Sensible Contract Examples

If you end up finished writing a contract, similar to one of many Solana good contract examples talked about on this article, you want a method to construct and deploy them to the Solana community. Consequently, this part outlines the steps on this course of by exhibiting you the right way to deploy the ”hello_world” contract, which was one among our Solana good contract examples from one of many earlier sections.

First up, when you’ve got not already, arrange Rust, the Solana CLI, and a Solana pockets. Subsequent up, open an IDE of your selection and begin a brand new terminal. From there, arrange a ”Hiya World” Cargo venture by working the next command within the terminal: 

cargo init hello_world –lib

This may create a Cargo library in your listing with the recordsdata for constructing the Solana good contract examples. You possibly can then navigate to the ”hello_world” file with the command under:

cd hello_world

Subsequent, open the ”Cargo.toml” file, copy the code snippet under, and add it on the backside of the file: 

title = “hello_world”
crate-type = [“cdylib”, “lib”]

You possibly can then navigate again to the terminal and add the Solana program bundle by working this command: 

cargo add solana_program

Lastly, open the ”src/” file and change all of its contents with the ”hello_world” contract code from the ”Solana Sensible Contract Examples” part:

use solana_program::{
account_info::AccountInfo, entrypoint, entrypoint::ProgramResult, msg, pubkey::Pubkey,


pub fn hello_world(
_program_id: &Pubkey, // Public key of the account this system was loaded into
accounts: &[AccountInfo], // All accounts required to course of the instruction
_instruction_data: &[u8], // Serialized instruction-specific knowledge
) -> ProgramResult {
msg!(“Hiya {:}!!”, accounts[0].key);

With the contract code at your disposal, it’s best to now be capable to construct the Solana good contract by inputting the next Cargo command and working it within the terminal:

cargo build-bpf

From there, all that continues to be is to deploy the contract utilizing the command under: 

solana program deploy ./goal/deploy/

Now that’s it! You’ve gotten now efficiently created and deployed the ”hello_world” contract. Now you can use the identical precept for another Solana good contract examples you need to deploy! 

Abstract – Solana Sensible Contract Examples

When you adopted alongside this far, you’ve got now seen an overview of 4 totally different Solana good contract examples. This text lined all the pieces from a easy ”hello_world” good contract displaying a ”Hiya World!!” message to a extra complicated Solana NFT contract liable for minting tokens. As such, we hope this offered perception into the construction of Solana good contracts. Additionally, we hope it has impressed you to create your very personal Solana good contracts! 

When you discovered this information useful, try some extra content material right here at Moralis’ Web3 weblog. The weblog offers recent and thrilling Web3 growth content material for brand spanking new and extra skilled builders. For instance, try one of many latest guides on Dogechain or the right way to add recordsdata to IPFS! 

Furthermore, think about enrolling in Moralis Academy if you wish to hone your Solana good contract growth expertise. For instance, try the ”Rust Programming” course to turn out to be extra distinguished in Solana good contract growth! 

Moralis Academy Course: Solana Smart Contract Example Development

Moreover, if you wish to construct subtle Solana dapps, join with Moralis instantly. With the varied Web3 APIs of Moralis, you possibly can leverage the total energy of blockchain know-how to construct dapps faster!

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